Taking care of children's teeth sometimes seems like an almost superhuman feat. The popularity of children in all kinds of goodies, sweets and the not very widespread desire to brush their teeth certainly does not help to fulfill it.
Unfortunately, these habits, or rather bad habits, lead to the proliferation of harmful bacteria that can cause all kinds of problems. The most common is tooth decay. However, a disturbed balance of the oral microbiota, in which pathogenic microorganisms gain the upper hand, can also lead to other problems. Overgrowth of so-called chromogenic bacteria is – often in children – associated with the formation of dark spots on the surface of the teeth (so-called hyperpigmentation). An excess of yeast, especially of the genus Candida, in turn leads to an unpleasant infection called thrush or thrush (so-called candidiasis).
A tiny hole in the bilge can sink an entire ship!
Tooth decay is one of the most common childhood diseases. Snacks between larger meals, sweets and irregular or imperfect dental hygiene (related to, for example, the presence of fixed braces) damage the natural oral microbiota, which leads to an overgrowth of pathogenic acid-producing bacteria, e.g. Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). A high concentration of S. mutans in the oral biofilm (plaque) represents a major risk factor for the development of dental caries.
60-90% of all school-aged children suffer from tooth decay